What kind of significance and impact from the creation of the Palestinian state in upcoming September will have on Israel and the development of the end time scenario? Will we soon witness final 70th week of Daniel resuming?
Plans to create an independent Palestinian state has been, it is said, finalised and is now being pushed for. As to why such lacks historical background to do so and is unjustified deserves a separate post of its own. What is to be implied from the creation, however, signals paramount imminence of the end as much as importance in Biblical end time studies.
Namely, the matter of resumption of Daniel’s 70th week. The focus here should be on the matter of rebuilding the Temple with which we shall see the Antichrist rising, and so the creation of Palestinian state holds the key as to how it all shall progress for with it, the Temple Mount area will be on the verge of conflict, no doubt.
Many scenarios are possible – but one that I see on (slight) possibility is (again I stress ‘slight’) Israel possibly granting East Jerusalem to be given to “Palestinians” in exchange of Temple Mount area. Unlikely, I know, but literally, who knows what could happen from now till this September?
With such insinuated, let us turn to Daniel’s 70th week as mentioned in Daniel 9:24-27.
24. “Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sins, to make reconciliation for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy.
25. “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times.
26. “And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself; and the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end of it shall be with a flood, and till the end of the war desolations are determined.
27. Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week; but in the middle of the week he shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall be one who makes desolate, even until the consummation, which is determined, is poured out on the desolate.”
To avoid array of confusions the following must be noted in understanding the verses.
- We are to take ‘weeks’ as the year-weeks (period of seven years – so 70 “weeks” = 70 X 7, total of 490 years), just as we would denote term “decade” as a period of ten years (with difference of their term scale being 7 years). Number of scholars disagree to identify 70 “weeks” as 70 year-weeks, but considering Daniel 9:24-27 is part of an answer to the prophet’s inquiry on close of 70 “years” of Hebrew exile as written by Jeremiah (Dan 9:2), it’s utmost appropriate to see it as year-weeks. (Referred as simply “weeks” henceforward) And as we shall see, 69 weeks, when calculated as year-weeks, have been accurately fulfilled starting with Nehemiah on reconstruction of Jerusalem to Jesus presenting Himself as the Messiah to Jews on Palm Sunday 32 AD.
- Calculation of 7 weeks + 62 weeks (total 483 years) and the remaining 1 week (7 years) are to be calculated in Biblical years (360 days per year) not by our solar calendar. God has been consistent with His 360 days per year calendar from the very beginning. For further perusal, visit here.
- And also, consider the following carefully before thinking about “no man knows the day or hour, not even Jesus”:
1) Personally, I’m not at all interested in guessing the day or hour, so this post won’t be about such.
2) Apparently, there is a Hebrew idiom for Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year) day – the day no man knows the day or hour – and there are possibilities Jesus was referring to this (or not).
This will require me to create a separate post sometime later.
3) I’m reminded to mention that Stephanus Textus Receptus accurately does NOT mention the Son (υἱὸς) not knowing. (i.e., “the Son” on that verse is not there)
4) Though NOT the date or hour, it is still Biblical that we are able to discern the period for rapture and Christ’s Second Coming (1 Thes. 5:4-6; 2 Thes 2:1-4 and also see below on “this generation”)
WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, WHY AND HOW?
In the verses, we read that the timeline for Israel, technically for Jews and Jerusalem, has been set to 70 weeks. (That is, total of 490 years) Thus, the end of the world is NOT to come arbitrarily or by speculations.
What is also determined in setting 70 weeks are the following six points (Dan 9:24).
As Jack Kelley noted, in Hebrews the six points read slightly different as follows:
1. To restrain the transgression
2. To seal up sins (Jack Kelley) or to make an end of sin-offerings (Clarke)
3. To reconcile / make atonement for iniquity
4. To bring in everlasting righteousness / righteous One (Clarke) / Davidic King, Messiah
5. To seal up vision and prophecy – closing of necessity of any farther revelation (Clarke)
6. To anoint/consecrate the most Holy place (Jack Kelley) or to consecrate/appoint the most Holy meaning the Christ will be (fully) consecrated/appointed on the Threefold office (Clarke).
The possible reason that Jack Kelley interprets the last point as the ‘place’ is because Hebrew word קדש (Ko’-desh) refers more to ‘things’ as in ‘holy things’ or ‘consecrated things’. Either interpretation you take, it doesn’t make a big difference for God and the Christ are the temple in New Jerusalem (Revelation 21:22) and we are heading to that direction.
Points 1-3 are related to the removal of sin and these were done on the cross by our Lord once for all. (Hebrews 9:12, 26) Points 4-6 are related to righteousness and these are to be fulfilled and are being fulfilled as we speak. Without points 1-3, points 4-6 cannot follow. The problem, then, is that Israel, initially, has rejected Him (thus, cutting-off the Messiah after 69th week), Who had fulfilled the first three points and Who shall fulfil the latter three points completely through His Second Coming.
By rejecting Him, ungodliness/transgression remains, which insinuates that the Christ shall, and has to, come again to turn away that ungodliness/transgression of Israel
for Israel (Isaiah 59:20) and so that the new covenant will be fulfilled (Jeremiah 31:31).
Certainly, blindness in part took part in Israel.
Where would you have heard the similar things of the above in the New Testament?
Let’s come back to this later.
This 70 week, of course, is divided into three periods (7-62-1):
7 weeks to refer to the duration of rebuilding Jerusalem which, then, is to be recognised with “going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem” (Daniel 9:25),
62 weeks to refer to duration from which Jerusalem’s street and the wall fully rebuilt till coming of Jesus and one final week (i.e., 70th) that is further halved. The latter of the half of the 70th week (i.e., latter 3 and half years) is known as the ‘Great Tribulation’ (Matt 24:15-21, Rev 2:22-26; 7:14) or ‘Jacob’s Trouble’ of the 7 year tribulation.
7 weeks (49 years) started with Artaxerxes I of Persia issuing decree to rebuild Jerusalem, technically the wall (Nehemiah 2:3) in 445 BC. (So this cannot be referring to the Edict of Cyrus the Great in 538 BC for the reconstruction of Jerusalem in technical sense started with Nehemiah and as Dan 9:25 clearly indicated that restoring & building Jerusalem would have her wall built again)
62 weeks started (434 years) when this re-construction of Jerusalem was complete and lasted till the Palm Sunday 38 AD (One needs to do a 360 day Biblical year conversion. If done, it fits exactly as 32 AD) as a Suffering Servant, Whom the Israel was not ready to accept. After this (i.e., 7+62 = 69th week), the Messiah will be “cut off” and that’s what happened to our Lord Jesus for it had to happen to fulfil the prophecy.
And since then, the clock “stopped” till the final week and we are, thus, in that suspension period. And as to why it has been suspended, I’ve already hinted above in explaining 6 points, which would have reminded Romans 11:11, 25-27.
[Romans 11:11] I say then, have they stumbled that they should fall? Certainly not! But through their fall, to provoke them to jealousy, salvation has come to the Gentiles.
25. For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.
26. And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: “The Deliverer will come out of Zion, and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob;
27. For this is My covenant with them, when I take away their sins.”
Verses 26-27 have been already explained in the above with the mentioned points, so it’s v 25 and v 11 – that we need to look where we find our answer.
God has set it so that after 69th week, the Messiah would be cut off by Jews rejecting Him. They have stumbled over the Christ, but have not fallen to be destroyed or cast-offs. Through their ‘false step’ (see below), blindness in part has covered Israel and that is how, not why, Gospel went forth to Gentiles until “the fullness of Gentiles” (v 25) is reached.
Note in v 11, there are two usages of word ‘fall’ and they are not equal in context.
When Paul questions to express his objection – verb was used. When he, however, says ‘through their fall’, fall here is a noun – παραπτώματι (paraptōmati – lexicon form is paraptóma) meaning false step or trespass. As De Wette noted, ‘false step’ fits better.
Examining the Romans 11 in conjunction with Daniel 9:24-27 indicate that the blindness of Israel will continue even during the final 70th week for they will make a ‘blind’ covenant with the Antichrist, only when they see him breaking the original covenant of 7 years in the middle of it, then they will start to realise that something has gone seriously wrong.
I was reminded by Elliot Hong of the following verse, which supports this.
[John 5:43] I have come in My Father’s name, and you do not receive Me; if another comes in his own name, him you will receive.
Even so, one must understand that these are all part of God’s plan.
But at the end, what has applied to the Church during the suspension period takes place to Israel as well so that they are restored. It will come as a holy emulation (Romans 11:11;14-15), motivating them to turn in to Christ. This is why they were not finished, for it was the God’s plan. So then, one cannot consider Church detached from Israel and vice versa. They are intertwined. Hence, I’m always reminded how heretical replacement theology is absolutely satanic.
Implying from Jack Kelley once more, we know that it is still suspended for we are, at this very point, yet to see the Third Temple to be rebuilt and the Antichrist making the covenant for one week (7 years) of which he will break in the middle. [i.e., 3.5 years (in Biblical years) after he has made the covenant]
NO MORE ‘DELAYS’?
Now, however, we need to know that this is about to resume very soon. How do we know it shall resume soon?
[Matthew 10:23] When they persecute you in this city, flee to another. For assuredly, I say to you, you will not have gone through the cities of Israel before the Son of Man comes.
What does that imply? In order for Jesus to come back (and we saw why He has to come back in the above), Israel as a nation must be set up beforehand. It is a prerequisite condition for the end (i.e., Daniel’s 70th week) to begin. Otherwise, what Abomination of Desolation (Matt 24:15) that needs to be built in the Third Temple (and how could the Third Temple even be built if Jerusalem and Israel are not in Jewish hands in the first place?) and what flight of those in Judea to the mountains (Matt 24:16) – a good indicator that Israel would have been re-established by then?
We know that this has been stressed again in ‘the’ Fig tree parable (Matthew 24:32 and parallels) which undoubtedly refers to Israel. (Some do not agree, but this is often due to overlooking or failing to recognise the Hebrew wordplay and the broader context on that idiom) This is why Israel’s re-birth in 1948 marks the beginning of the end in technical sense.
Again quoting Jack Kelley and others, average Biblical life span is 70 years. (Psalm 90:10 and Isaiah 23:15) Combining that with Matthew 24:32, 70 plus 1948, we end up at 2018.
As for what Christ meant when He said “this generation” would not pass away, there again are many views, but to gain contextual understandings, I believe:
In broader context it affirms that the end will definitely come,
In evidential context it affirms that Jews shall be distinctively preserved throughout the fullness of Gentiles has reached and after which Jews will turn to Christ.
Whilst it is true that some who may heard Christ’s words then lived to witness the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD, considering whole context is referring to Daniel’s final 70th Week which is yet to be fulfilled, it is inappropriate to confine it to the destruction of Jerusalem. In that context (of Daniel’s final 70th Week), it refers to generation after Israel and Jerusalem has been recovered by Jews for preceding verses in Matt 24 and its parallels is on the Fig Tree parable indicating re-birth of Israel. (I’ll need to write more on this later on separate article.)
However, if we are to calculate that Biblical life span in 360 day calendar, then it becomes 2017. If so, then we know that either last year or this year, the tribulation, or Daniel’s 70th week, would have had or will begin.
To fix this Daniel Matson proposes that there was a secondary application of prophecy within the suspended period.
Aside to the decree of Artaxerxes I (445 B.C.) to rebuild Jerusalem, there were two more in the history. Second one was in 1535, when Suleiman the Magnificent decreed to rebuild Jerusalem that was destructed in 70 AD. Third one was in Passover 1969 – Israel Knesset voted to restore and rebuild Jerusalem which was severely damaged in 1948 independence war.
If we add 69 week in 360 day year form from year 1535 we end up in 2011. 7 more years [1260+1290 (Dan 12:11) = 2550 days] for Daniel’s final one week, then 2018.
Matson, then, goes further to advocate 365 day year calculation over 360 day year calculation in order to have year 1969 to be 62nd week from 1535, and another 7 week from 1969 being 2018, which pushes year of Jesus’ return to 2024-2025 when the final one week is added. The idea behind it is with year 1535 being the secondary mark, there is a mirroring pattern of another 62 week and 7 week (notice it’s in reversed order) unfolding till the one and only 70th week.
Problem with this is that, though very enchanting, we do not know (at least for me) exactly which date in 1535 Suleiman decreed as a starting point for our calculation. Moreover, 70th week is total of 2550 days. This is just 30 day over 7 years in 360 day calendar and so to abandon 360 day suddenly will be questionable. I, for now, personally favour 2017-18 time frames based on this: https://facingend.wordpress.com/2011/01/03/celestial/
Of course, know all these are based on my opinion, not verified facts.
DUTY COMES BEFORE KNOWING THE DATES
In any cases, 360 vs 365 will lead everything into greater confusions. Whether the end being fulfilled in 2017 or 2018 or much later – and based on this as with everything else that is happening, many approximate rapture dates, we have at least grasped the timeline for the end.
Isn’t that, after all, sufficient enough? Perhaps, not.
But then again, how could the knowing the date itself or the process called rapture possibly be more important than being unified with the Christ in the air itself? It can’t.
There is a Jewish teaching by Rabbi Johannan ben Zakai that predates Luther’s similar apple tree quote:
“If you are holding a sapling in hand and someone tells you, ‘Come quickly, Messiah has come’, first finish planting the tree and then go to greet the Messiah”.
Practically, this will not be so applicable for Jews for the time that Israel meets the Messiah will be after the Great Tribulation and so having a peace of mind or time to plant a tree during then will be very unlikely. Christ even told them to flee, not to plant a tree.
Aside to how to manage in case if it is a false alarm, the very essence of the teaching that the duty given must be continued to be performed in any cases, however, I think, is applicable, ironically, for the Church.
Our duty to reconcile the world to the Christ will be only finished when we are with Him.
In other words, it must be consistent and continued till the End. Not to be disrupted just because the End is so near. (2 Thes. 2:1-2)
45. “Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his master made ruler over his household, to give them food in due season?
46. Blessed is that servant whom his master, when he comes, will find so doing.
47. Assuredly, I say to you that he will make him ruler over all his goods.
Amen. May this be so for all of us.